Restic check --read-data --read-data-subset 1/12


I tried to get my head around this by reading the various forum posts out there:

If I’ve understood the command correctly:

restic check --read-data --read-data-subset 1/12

Will divide my 2TB worth of data into 12 sections, and read the 1st section for integrity. If I ran my script once every week, then it should have checked my data every 3 months.

The part that confuses me, is if the next section is i.e 2/12, how would restic know to automatically check the next section, when I run the same command?

I don’t see how, but wanted to double check if I need to increment the section/‘n’ each week, or is it normal to only check a portion of the data each time i.e 1/12?

Many thanks,


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Which of the 12 sections restic checks is determined by the first number you give it in the n/t argument. If you give it 1/12 it will check the first section, if you give it 2/12 it will check the second section, etc. So it’s not automatic, you explicitly tell it which section to check (and how big the sections should be). See the bottom part of .


Thank you Rawtaz,

Thank you clarifying that, would you be able to suggest whether it’s sufficient to run the check --read-data-subset n/52, and have this run each week. I figured it would read most of the data each year, excluding new data that has been added.

Or should all of the data be read say every 3 months?

I opted to check it each week for 52 weeks, as I found a simple way to work out the week number, but didn’t find anything on incrementing each week for say n/12 sections. Would appreciate any pointers on that.

Kind regards,


There are no general rules for things like that, it always depends on your usecase. You need to ask yourself some questions:

  • How important is the data that you are backing up?
  • How much is changing?
  • Would check be interrupting your scheduled backups (as it requires an exclusive lock) too much?
  • Will it be catastrophic to find out that some hardware failure made the last 3 months of your backups (or parts of it) useless? Or do you have a 2nd set of independend backups anyways?

Ok, I’ll have a think about that,

many thanks,


FWIW, here is the bash script I use to do rolling check of all pack files over 30 days period

# failure email config

# all data is checked over CHECK_PERIOD number of days
# current day calculated as days since 1970-01-01 modulo $CHECK_PERIOD
# (date +%s returns seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC)
CHECK_DAY=$(( 1 + ($(date +%s) / 86400) % $CHECK_PERIOD ))


printf "\nrestic check data start $(date +%Y%m%d_%H%M%S)\n" >> $LOG
  --cache-dir /var/cache/restic \
  check --with-cache --read-data-subset=$CHECK_DAY/$CHECK_PERIOD >> $LOG 2>&1

if [ $? != 0 ]; then
  mail -s "$NAME backup check failed" $EMAIL <<EOF
$(tail /var/log/restic-backup.log)

Thank you for sharing this, really appreciate it